Constructing history as a scientific discipline in the eyes of re-formed states

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Abstract

Development of history as a scientific discipline started in nineteenth-century. Historians were studying on official records only, looking on political leaders, bureaucrats, searching for their uniqueness, not as agents of history, as reality itself. This concept of history changed in time deeply. It effected from Marxist ideologies, French historians and so forth. Besides, there were some other things also changing, likely, statehoods, borders, ideas of political unities in the world. People witnessed collapsing of centuries-old empires such as Austro-Hungarian Empire, Ottoman Empire and Russian Empire. In this paper, I would like to discuss mainly around this parallelism between history writing and states, and confront discussions in this time of re-forming.

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